NEW YORK – It’s almost time to move on!

The transition to summer time 2022 began in 2 a.m. local time on Sunday, March 13thin most of the United States.

Be sure to move the clock an hour forward, usually before bed on Saturday night, so as not to be late for morning activities.

It also means that on Sunday the sun will set near or after 7pm in major US cities such as Chicago (6:55 p.m.), Los Angeles (6:59 p.m.) and New York City (7:01 p.m.). on National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. In some happy cities, such as Raleigh (7:20 p.m.) and Houston (7:29 p.m.), the days will be even longer.

And as soon as summer begins, spring is just a week away from the official start Sunday, March 20, at 11:33 a.m. ETaccording to Farmer’s Almanac.

Contrary to common misconceptions, summer time lasts more than six months. Rather, it lasts almost eight months and ends Sunday, November 6, 2022.

Daylight Saving Time: Facts and Fiction

  • Switch to daylight saving time, not daylight saving time. You save daylight, not daylight.
  • Contrary to popular belief, summer time was invented not in favor of farmers. The credit for the transition to summer time belongs to Benjamin Franklin, who first proposed this idea in 1784.
  • The Germans were the first to officially adopt the light extension system in 1915 as a fuel economy measure during World War I.
  • From 1986 to 2006, the transition to summer time in the United States began in April and ended in October, but was extended from March to November, starting in 2007.
  • About 70 countries around the world are watching DLS.
  • Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, the US Virgin Islands and much of Arizona are not seeing a change in weather.

How does the transition to summer time affect health?

The 2020 study National Institutes of Health found that about 150,000 Americans faced physical health problems caused by changing times twice a year.
For example, it included strokes, heart attacks, accidents and mood swings, said Dr. Jennifer Ashton, chief medical correspondent for ABC News.

“In fact, it’s all about the intersection of biology and social life and how it affects our circadian rhythms,” she said.

Circadian biologists believe that the adverse health effects of the transition to summer time due to the mismatch of sundials. It affects our social hours – such as work and school schedules – and the body’s internal 24-hour biological clock.

Reflecting at the molecular level, biological clocks are captured – or set – under the influence of sunlight and darkness. It regulates body functions such as metabolism, blood pressure and hormones that promote sleep and alertness.

Time changes clutter with sleep schedules, a potential problem when so many people are already sleep deprived, says Dr. Phyllis Zee, a sleep researcher with Northwestern Medicine in Chicago.

Numerous studies link the beginning of the transition to summer time in the spring with a short spike in car accidents and with poor performance of vigilance tests, which is probably due to sleep loss.

Will the US ever get rid of summer time?

There are not many public policy issues on which about 70% of Americans dislike the status quo, and there is no real division into the party, but for which nothing is being done to change that. Well that’s where we are with daylight saving time, where Americans agree with the problem but not the solution.

The struggle for the transition to summer time has been going on for more than 100 years. Should the clock be moved forward in the spring and back in the fall? If not, should you stick to daylight saving time or more traditional standard time?

Several states, including North Carolina, Montana, Minnesota and Dakota have all considered similar measures in recent years without any real impetus. Proposals often expire because Congress will have to revise the Single Time Act to make changes possible.

In 2018, about 60% of California voters adopted a ballot that instructed lawmakers to take into account changes in the times. After receiving bipartisan support in the committees, the bill to transfer the state to Pacific Daytime was permanently suspended.

Some in Congress also proposed to abandon the change of time.

It turns out that, as in many other issues and national debates, there are competing special interests with lots of money.

The U.S. Department of Transportation, which monitors daylight saving time, says extra sunlight later in the day saves energy, reduces traffic and pedestrian deaths, and reduces lawlessness because “more people go about their business during daylight hours.” and not at night when more crimes are happening ”.

Constant change can mean that more children are preparing for school and adults in the dark are leading the work.

How can people prepare for the changing times?

Try to gradually prepare the body for the loss of this hour of sleep. Slowly adjusting your sleep schedule by about a month can reduce the effects of changing times.

Dr Ashton said a light meal during the day can help keep circadian rhythms balanced.

Also helps minimize screen time and avoid bright light.

“Be aware of the changes in our mood. It can really affect people, and I think it’s important not to shy away from these changes, “she said.

The Associated Press and CNNWire contributed to this report.

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