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The International Criminal Court has since launched an investigation into possible war crimes Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a “special military operation” in Ukraine on February 24, a grim reminder of the number of war crimes committed over the past century.
One expert previously told Fox News Digital that the Interior Ministry would investigate possible war crimes committed by individuals.
“As for the situation in Ukraine, the prosecutor of the Interior Ministry can investigate allegations of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide,” said Dustin Lewis, director of research at Harvard Law School on International Law and Armed Conflict.
“The Interior Ministry is authorized to exercise jurisdiction only over individuals. In other words, it can only prosecute individuals. The ICC has no jurisdiction over entities with which these people may be associated, such as the government or the military. he added.
Here are some war crimes of the last century:
From 1915 to 1916, hundreds of thousands of Armenians died after the Ottoman Turks began mass deportations from Eastern Anatolia, leading to mass deaths from starvation or disease. BBC.
Before the mass deportations began, according to Yale University, the Young Turk regime hanged hundreds of Armenians in the streets of Istanbul.
The International Association of Genocide Scientists estimates the death toll was “more than a million”, but that figure is disputed. Armenians claim that the death toll is 1.5 million, and the Republic of Turkey – 300 thousand.
Several high-ranking Ottoman officials have been tried in the genocide case. For example, local governor Mehmed Kemal was found guilty in court and hanged for participating in the massacres of Armenians, the report said.
While Turkey does not deny the staggering number of Armenian deaths, its government says “the death of Armenians is not genocide,” Radio Free Europe reported.
German war crimes during World War II
While many war crimes were committed during World War II, the most horrific was the Holocaust, when the Nazi German regime killed six million European Jews.
Nazi leader Adolf Hitler considered Jews an inferior race that posed a threat to Germany’s racial purity, and passed laws against Jews by excluding them from German society, according to the United States Holocaust Museum.
In September 1941, every person recognized as a Jew in Nazi Germany had to wear a yellow star, which made them a target, according to History.com.
Between 1941 and 1945, during World War II, Nazi Germany launched Holocaust death camps where six million Jews were exterminated. German authorities transported Jews to these death camps, where they were deprived of food, water, bathrooms, heat and medical care, according to United States Holocaust Museum.
According to the museum, it was not until May 1945 that the Holocaust ended when allied nations began capturing concentration camps and then releasing survivors.
The Algerian National Liberation Front fought France between 1954 and 1962 in the Algerian War, and historians estimate that between 250,000 and 300,000 Algerians died during the war. University of North Carolina I say.
In 1954, the National Liberation Front launched a series of armed uprisings across the country and demanded the nation’s independence, and France sent troops to the country to monitor the situation. Atlantic.
In August 1945, the National Liberation Front attacked civilians and incited a mob that killed more than 120 people. In response, French troops and “vigilance committees” killed between 1,200 and 12,000 Muslims.
After years of fighting and hundreds of thousands of civilians killed, the French declared a ceasefire, and the Algerian people voted for independence from France in 1962.
One French officer, Paul Asareses, has confessed to torturing and killing Algerian prisoners of war, according to BBC. A French court found Auschwitz guilty of defending the use of torture in 2002.
The post-war amnesty did not allow the Aussies and others to sue for war crimes, according to the BBC.
Hundreds of civilians and soldiers killed in five days of conflict Brookings Institutionbut as a result of fighting 100,000 to 200,000 people were displaced.
The International Criminal Court has launched an investigation into war crimes committed during the war, but has faced several problems.
In January 2021, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that Russia was responsible for several human rights violations during the war, including the killing of Georgian civilians and the looting and burning of homes. Guardian.
Wars between Russia and Chechnya
After the adoption of the constitution declaring Chechnya’s independence in 1992, Russian troops entered the country in 1994 to destroy the independence movement, according to BBC. The war, which lasted 20 months, killed about 100,000 people. It lasted from 1994 to 1996.
The second war between Russia and Chechnya began in the summer of 1999, when Chechen fighters fought with Russian troops on the border of Chechnya and Dagestan, according to the BBC. That summer, Chechen rebels fought in Dagestan in an attempt to create an Islamic state. The second war lasted from 1999 to 2000, when Russia declared direct rule of the country.
Human Rights Watch claimed that Russian forces committed “grave abuses” during the war, including war crimes.
At a hearing in the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Peter Buckert, a researcher Human Rights Watchpresented evidence of war crimes.
Bookert said that Russian troops had conducted a “carpet bombing campaign” that killed “the vast majority” of civilians during the war.
“Russian forces have repeatedly used powerful surface-to-surface missiles, killing hundreds of people in bombings in the Central Market in Grozny and in many small towns and villages,” Buckert said.
He added that Russian troops had turned most of Chechnya into a “wasteland”.