I recently completed a wonderful tour of the history of our country by New Yorker writer and historian Jill Lepor. These truths: The history of the United States described two cases during the Eisenhower administration that were a revelation to me. Earlier, I wrote about the struggle of the Minister of Health, Education and Welfare Eisenhower Overt Kalp Hobby in the spread of the polio vaccine Salk. In this column, I will discuss President Eisenhower’s attempt to “discover a national goal” by appointing a Commission on National Goals.

Lepor writes: “1960 was a time when Americans stopped taking their national goals for granted and began to do something about it,” Life reports. Eisenhower has nominated ten prominent people – politicians and editors, businessmen and labor leaders, as well as university and charity presidents – to the National Affairs Commission and asked the commission to identify a set of ten-year challenges for the United States.

The idea was new at the time and, as far as I can tell, it has never been repeated since.

President Eisenhower’s general hopes for the commission were set out in his January 1959 State of the Union address: “The National Affairs Commission is asked to identify the great challenges of our generation and to describe our goals in these different areas. This will give us a basis for coordinated policy both domestically and internationally. ” The goals were to be for the next ten years.

Ten outstanding citizens were appointed to the Commission: Henry M. Ristan, Chairman; Frank Pace Jr., Erwin D. Cankham; James B. Conant; Colgate W. Darden Jr.; Crawford H. Greenwalt; Alfred Grunther; Clark Kerr; James R. Killian Jr.; and George Mini.

The report was prepared under the auspices of the American Assembly, a non-partisan educational non-governmental organization based at Columbia University. The project was funded by private support through several funds

The report was presented to President Eisenhower on November 16, 1960. Based on the contributions of 100 experts, essays were prepared in fourteen areas.

The report itself was short, only 23 pages, with additional statements by individual members, which added a total of 31 pages. It was divided into three sections containing eleven “goals at home”, three “goals abroad” and a section “financial accounting”. The recommendations were followed by detailed essays, resulting in a 372-page volume that was published by Prentis Hall on December 12, 1960, in paperback and hardcover.

Eleven at home were: national goals in education,

The great age of science, the quality of American culture, the efficient and democratic organization of the economy, high employment and growth in the American economy, technological change, agricultural policy of the 1960s, urban society, human needs, federal system and civil service

To this end, the Commission embraced the concept of equal rights for all, regardless of race, religion or gender (note that there were no women on the Commission); strengthening education at all levels; art and science are advanced on all fronts; maximum economic growth, full employment, improving the climate for new investment; technological changes to increase the level of defense training; state aid to farmers, including improving living conditions, clearing slums, urban renewal programs and government-assisted housing; more hospitals, clinics and nursing homes; and expanding health insurance through private and public agencies.

The three goals abroad were: the role of the United States in the world,

Foreign economic policy and tasks and a look ahead

The main goal abroad was to preserve its own independence and free institutions. Accordingly, the plan called for expanding free trade, gradually reducing tariffs, increasing foreign aid, vigilance against the Sino-Soviet threat, and strengthening our Pacific defenses to prevent communist China’s hostility. It also stressed the need to limit and control nuclear weapons, and called for the preservation and strengthening of the United Nations.

Some of the Commission’s recommendations seem very general in nature, almost truism, for example, “every state should make good faith progress towards the desegregation of state-supported schools.”

George Minnie, a member of the Commission and president of the AFL-CIO, did so in his comments on the Commission’s recommendations, when he wrote: “The Commission’s report directly emphasizes achieving the objectives deemed necessary by the Commission. “

I can find little evidence that the Commission’s report provoked any specific government action. There is also no clear evidence that this was the driving force behind subsequent political achievements, but it was an attempt by the President to reach a national consensus on a wide range of important issues facing our nation.

The creation of the Commission for National Purposes could never take place today due to the seriousness of the division between the guerrillas. Currently, the situation is so fragile that the leaders of both parties did not have the good will to put aside their differences and form a non-partisan, impartial, independent 9/11-style commission to study what will happen in January. 6th, when the Capitol was attacked, and determine what steps could be taken to avoid a similar uprising in the future. It is incredibly sad and deeply disappointing, but testifies to the destructive unproductive nature of today’s politics.

Irwin Stolmacher is president of the Stoolmacher Consulting Group, a fundraising and strategic planning firm that works with nonprofit agencies that cater to the truly needy among us.

Source link

Previous articleA man attacks an unsuspecting woman with human feces at a Bronx subway station
Next article2022 SAG Awards, 1st major, television event of the year in Hollywood to offer an Oscar preview: full list of nominations